Scientists can tell how foods will react inside the body by incinerating the food and analyzing the mineral content of its ash. If the mineral content is highly alkaline, then the food will likely have an alkalizing effect on the body, and vice versa.

In other words, how the body reacts to certain foods is what determines what foods are alkaline-forming and what foods are acid-forming. For example lemons are acidic in nature, but have an alkalizing effect on the body once they are digested. Similarly, milk is alkaline outside the body, but acidic upon digestion.

The type of soil used to grow fruits and vegetables can influence their mineral content and test results can vary. As a result, different charts can report slightly different pH levels of the same foods.

How to use these charts

Use these alkaline-acid food charts as a general guide and don’t worry if one chart is slightly different from another. The small differences in degree ultimately won’t make a huge difference. What will make the biggest difference is replacing processed foods with fresh foods and adding more fruits and vegetables to your diet.

Learn more about the how an alkaline diet keeps you healthier. Or shop for alkalizing foods directly.

Printable Alkaline-Acid ChartDownload this printable Alkaline-Acid Food Chart to post on your fridge.

Alkaline Food Chart by Degree

Highly
Alkaline

  • baking soda
  • chlorella
  • dulse
  • lemons
  • lentils
  • limes
  • lotus root
  • mineral water
  • nectarine
  • onion
  • persimmon
  • pineapple
  • pumpkin seed
  • raspberry
  • sea salt
  • sea vegetables
  • seaweed
  • spirulina
  • sweet potato
  • tangerine
  • taro root
  • umeboshi plums
  • vegetable juices
  • watermelon

Moderately
Alkaline

  • apples
  • apricots
  • arugula
  • asparagus
  • banchi tea
  • beans (fresh green)
  • broccoli
  • cantaloupe
  • carob
  • carrots
  • cashews
  • cayenne
  • chestnuts
  • citrus
  • dandelion
  • dandelion tea
  • dewberry
  • edible flowers
  • endive
  • garlic
  • ginger (fresh)
  • ginseng tea
  • grapefruit
  • herbal tea
  • herbs (leafy green)
  • honeydew
  • kale
  • kambucha
  • kelp
  • kiwifruit
  • kohlrabi
  • loganberry
  • mango
  • molasses
  • mustard green
  • olive
  • parsley
  • parsnip
  • passion fruit
  • peas
  • pepper
  • raspberries
  • soy sauce
  • spices
  • sweet corn (fresh)
  • turnip

Low
Alkaline

  • almonds
  • apple cider vinegar
  • apples (sour)
  • artichokes (jerusalem)
  • avocado
  • bell pepper
  • blackberry
  • brown rice vinegar
  • cabbage
  • cauliflower
  • cherry
  • cod liver oil
  • collard green
  • egg yolks
  • eggplant
  • ginseng
  • green tea
  • herbs
  • honey (raw)
  • leeks
  • mushrooms
  • nutritional yeast
  • papaya
  • peach
  • pear
  • pickles (homemade)
  • potato
  • primrose oil
  • pumpkin
  • quail eggs
  • radishes
  • rice syrup
  • rutabaga
  • sake
  • sesame seed
  • sprouts
  • watercress

Very Low
Alkaline

  • alfalfa sprouts
  • avocado oil
  • banana
  • beet
  • blueberry
  • brussel sprouts
  • celery
  • chive
  • cilantro
  • coconut oil
  • cucumber
  • currant
  • duck eggs
  • fermented veggies
  • flax oil
  • ghee
  • ginger tea
  • grain coffee
  • grapes
  • hemp seed oil
  • japonica rice
  • lettuces
  • oats
  • okra
  • olive oil
  • orange
  • quinoa
  • raisin
  • sprouted seeds
  • squashes
  • strawberry
  • sunflower seeds
  • tahini
  • tempeh
  • turnip greens
  • umeboshi vinegar
  • wild rice

Acidic Food Chart by Degree

Very Low
Acidic

  • amaranth
  • black-eyed peas
  • brown rice
  • butter
  • canola oil
  • chutney
  • coconut
  • cream
  • curry
  • dates
  • dry fruit
  • fava beans
  • figs
  • fish
  • gelatin
  • goat cheese
  • grape seed oil
  • guava
  • honey
  • kasha
  • koma coffee
  • maple syrup
  • millet
  • organs
  • pine nuts
  • pumpkin seed oil
  • rhubarb
  • sheep cheese
  • spinach
  • string beans
  • sunflower oil
  • triticale
  • venison (deer)
  • vinegar
  • wax beans
  • wild duck
  • zucchini

Low
Acidic

  • adzuki beans
  • aged cheese
  • alcohol
  • almond oil
  • balsamic vinegar
  • black tea
  • boar
  • buckwheat
  • chard
  • cow milk
  • elk
  • farina
  • game meat
  • goat milk
  • goose
  • kamut
  • kidney beans
  • lamb
  • lima beans
  • milk
  • mollusks
  • mutton
  • navy beans
  • pinto beans
  • plum
  • red beans
  • safflower oil
  • seitan
  • semolina
  • sesame oil
  • shell fish
  • soy cheese
  • spelt
  • tapioca
  • teff
  • tofu
  • tomatoes
  • turkey
  • vanilla
  • wheat
  • white beans
  • white rice

Moderately
Acidic

  • barley groats
  • basmati rice
  • bear
  • casein
  • chestnut oil
  • chicken
  • coffee
  • corn
  • cottage cheese
  • cranberry
  • egg whites
  • fructose
  • garbanzo beans
  • green peas
  • honey (pasteurized)
  • ketchup
  • lard
  • maize
  • mussels
  • mustard
  • nutmeg
  • oat bran
  • olives (pickled)
  • other legumes
  • palm kernel oil
  • pasta (whole grain)
  • pastry
  • peanuts
  • pecans
  • pistachio seeds
  • pomegranate
  • popcorn
  • pork
  • prunes
  • rye
  • snow peas
  • soy milk
  • squid
  • veal

Highly
Acidic

  • artificial sweeteners
  • barley
  • beef
  • beer
  • brazil nuts
  • breads
  • brown sugar
  • cocoa
  • cottonseed oil
  • flour (white)
  • fried foods
  • fruit juices with sugar
  • hazelnuts
  • hops
  • ice cream
  • jam / jelly
  • liquor
  • lobster
  • malt
  • pasta (white)
  • pheasant
  • pickles (commercial)
  • processed cheese
  • seafood
  • soft drinks
  • soybean
  • sugar
  • table salt
  • walnuts
  • white bread
  • white vinegar
  • whole wheat foods
  • wine
  • yeast
  • yogurt (sweetened)

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